Rescetion of Malignant Skin Tumors
Rescetion of Malignant Skin Tumors Options Medellin
(Basal Cell Carcinoma – Squamous Cell Carcinoma – Melanoma):Resection of malignant skin tumors on the face and body.
SKIN CANCER is a disease characterized by the multiplication, uncontrollable growth and spread of abnormal cells. It compresses, invades and destroys neighboring tissues. Through metastasis, the cells can be implanted in other parts of the body, where they form new tumors.
Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers, and its durability is close to 100%, since it is diagnosed and treated early and adequately. When the treatment is not performed correctly, it usually leads to tumor growth and spread.
The diagnosis is made by clinical evaluation by the specialist and confirmed by the examination of the pathology of a sample (biopsy) or of the entire removed tumor.
There are several types of skin tumors:
BASAL CELL CARCINOMA: It is the most frequent, with slow growth and rarely causes metastasis. It is usually a lesion with a pearl like appearance and with the presence of red vessels (spider veins).
SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA: It is the second most frequent tumor in the skin and can cause metastasis.
They usually appear as nodules that turn into ulcers with an inflammatory aspect at their edges. In the genesis of this cancer, the most important factor is exposure to sunlight, but it can also originate from previous injuries such as actinic keratosis (plaque-like lesions caused by the sun), chronic ulcers, and scars from burns among others.
MELANOMA CUTANEO: This tumor is less frequent than the previous ones but with a high percentage of metastasis and local recurrence. They can appear as a pigmented spot on the skin or as a mole that is growing. Suspected lesion is one that presents asymmetry, irregular edges, with colors of various tonalities, with a diameter greater than 6 millimeters, with a raised or ulcerated appearance, although the great majority of melanomas are asymptomatic in the initial phases. The change in size, shape or color is an alarm signal, in addition there may be pruritus (itching) in the lesion, such as bleeding easily.
The main constitutional risk factor is the color of the skin. It occurs mainly in people with fair skin with blond or red hair, there is an increased risk in people with fair skin with a history of sunburn that caused blisters on the skin during childhood and adolescence, in individuals with premalignant lesions, as well as in patients with family history.
There are several treatments for skin tumors and they vary according to the type of tumor, size, location, presence or absence of metastasis and operability among others. The objectives of the treatment seek destruction or total resection of the tumor, maximum preservation of normal tissue and good aesthetic result.
Among the therapies is surgery, which allows the correct evaluation by biopsy study of the removed tumor, rapid healing and optimum aesthetic result. Radiotherapy is indicated for patients with surgical risk or inoperable tumors.